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H380a-t.jpg (1240 bytes)Table of Contentsslideflash.gif (2985 bytes)
Civilization: Maps and Images
Inscriptions
Rigveda and Sarasvati Sindhu Civilization

Soma, Mesopotamia and Ancient India (Preliminary evidence)

Evolution, settlement plans, architecture

Mohenjodaro

People called MAR-TU
Seals from NearEast

Sarasvati River: historic legacy and developmental challenge

Bibliography, notes(pdf, 180pp.)
Acknowledgements

For Sarasvati web CD-ROM,
email to:

kalyan99@netscape.net
(C) 1998 Kalyanaraman

Mahadevan
Dani
Parpola
Parpola (copper tablets)
Parpola's homepage

Ambitious project to trace Sarasvati River

Key dates of the river and the Indian linguistic area

Locus: Sarasvati River
Locality index

Discovery sites Map
Large  map
Small  map
List

Corpus of Inscriptions

Re-organization of the Corpus

Sign List
Hieroglyphs

Inscribed weapons; glyphs

Axe and copper plate inscriptions

bookicon.gif (235 bytes)Indian Lexicon Clustering lexemes

Objectives
Alpha sequence
English meanings

Semantic clusters

Sememes: Indian

Bibliography

Bronze age
Minerals and Metals
Fire workers
Workshops
Weapons
Trade

Mesopotamia

Contacts (1) 
Contacs(2)
Contacts (3)

Contacts (4)

Central Asia

Contacts (5) (Also,notes on Meluhha and Tilmun)

Decipherment: internal evidence (structure and form)

Analyses and Method

The decipherment problem
Pictorials in script

Bull (urus/ibex): single horn, rings on neck, pannier

Standard : orthography of ligature : gimlet, turning lathe, portable furnace, dotted circles


Dotted circles
Trefoils
Fish signs
Mating scenes
Spearing a buffalo/bull

Deciphering pictorials
Defining  pictorials
Pictorial ligatures 
Graphemes or 'signs' and ligatures
Types of objects and functions
Inscribed pottery

Decipherment: external evidence (bronze age and language)

From the known to the unknown

Sharp, conically-shaped ploughshare: sag-kus' (in cuneiform)

Decipherment steps

Keys inherent in inscriptions

Language repertoire of an armourer
Indian Hieroglyphic Dictionary:

Part 1
Part 2
Part 3
Part 4
Part 5

References to Indian Lexicon entries elucidate the semantics of the ancient forms preserved in one or more Indian languages.

Discovering the language of India, ca. 3000 B.C.
(HTML version)

Formation of Indian Languages

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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