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Mahabharat War 5561 B.C : By Dr. P.V. Vartak (3/5)

                       (16th October 5561 B.C.)
                     Dr. Padmakar Vishnu Vartak

Harivansh  (Vishnu Purana A.  5)    states  that  when  Nanda  carried
Krishna  to Gokul on Shravan  Vadya Navami day, there was dry cow-dung
spread all over the  ground and trees were cut down.  The presence  of
Dry  Cowdung all over in Gokul indicates the presence of Summer in the
month of Shravan. Trees are usually cut down in Summer to be  used  as
fuel in the rainy season.  The seasons move one month backwards in two
thousand years. Today the rainy  season  starts  in  Jeshtha  but  two
thousand years ago, at the time of KaIidas, rainy season used to start
in Ashadha. At the time of Krishna's birth the Summer was in the month
of Shravan while today it is in Vaishakha.  Thus the summer is shifted
by four months, hence Krishna's period  comes to 4x2000 =  8000  years
ago approximately.  This  means about 6000 years B.C., the same period
we have seen above.

At the time of Mahabharat, the Vernal Equinox was at Punarvasu.   Next
to  Punarvasu  is Pushya Nakshtra. Vyas used "Pushyadi Ganana" for his
Sayan method, and called Nirayan Pushya as Sayan Ashvini.  He  shifted
the names of further Sayan Nakshtras accordingly.  At that time Winter
Solstice was on Revati, so Vyas gave the next  Nakshatra  Ashvini  the
first palee in the Nirayan list of Nakshatras. Thus he used Ashvinyadi
Ganana for the Nirayan method.  Using at  times  Sayan  names  and  at
times  Nirayan names of the Nakshatras, Vyas prepared the riddles.  By
the clue that Nirayan Pushya means Sayan Ashvini,   it  is  seen  that
Nirayan  names  of  Nakshatras are eight Nakshatras ahead of the Sayan
names   Thus the Saturn in Nirayan Purva, and  Sayan  Rohini,  Jupiter
was  in  Nirayan  Shravan,  and Sayan Swati (near Vishakha), while the
Mars was in Nirayan Anuradha, and Sayan Magha, Rahu was between Chitra
and  Swati,  by  Sayan way means it was in Nirayana. Uttara Ashadha (8
Nakshtras ahead). From these positions of the  major  planets  we  can
calculated the exact date.  My procedure is as follows:

I found out that on 5th May 1950, the Saturn was  in  Purva  Phalguni.
>From  1950 I deducted 29.45 years to get the year 1920 when the Saturn
was again in Purva. In this way I prepared a vertical  column  of  the
years  when  the  Saturn  was in Purva. Similarly, I prepared vertical
columns of  the years when the Jupiter was  in  Shravan  and  Rahu  in
Uttara  Ashadha.  Then I searched in horizontally to find out the year
common in all the three columns. It was  5561-62  B.C.  when  all  the
three  great planets were at the required places.  Then I proceded for
the detailed calculations.

Bhisma expired at the onset of Uttarayan i.e. on 22nd  December.  This
is  a fixed point according to the modern Scientific Calendar.  He was
on the arrow-bed for 58 nights and he had fought for ten days.   Hence
68  days  earlier  than 22nd December the War had started.  This shows
that the War started on 16th October. We have to calculate the  plane-
tary positions of 16th October 5561 B.C.

Encyclopedia of Astronomy by Larousse  states  that  one  rotation  of
Saturn  takes  26  years and 166 days.  One year means 365.25 days. So
the Saturn's round takes 29.4544832 years.

5th May 1950, Saturn conjugated with Purva.  We have to see its  posi-
tion  in  5561  years  B.C.  5561+1950  =  7511 years. 7511 divided by
29.4544832 gives 255.00362 rounds. This means  that  Saturn  completed
255  rounds and has gone ahead by 0.00362 or 1.3 degrees. Hence Saturn
was in conjugation with Purva on 5th May 5561 B.C.  On  16th  October'
5562nd  B.C.   i.e.   164 days later it must have travelled (0.0334597
degrees (daily pace) multiplied by  164  days  =)  5.487  degrees.  So
Saturn was at 141 degrees or in Purva Nakshatra.

In October 1962, Saturn was at 281 dgrs.  1962 + 5561  =  7523  years.
7523  devided  by  29.4544832 gives 255.41103 turns.  After completing
255 full turns, Saturn has gone back by 0.411003 turn i.e.  148  dgrs.
281-148= 133 degrs.  This was the position of Saturn in Purva.

Calculating from 1931 or 1989 also Saturn  appears  at  141  dgrs.  in
Purva.   Thus  on  16th  of October 5562nd B.C. Saturn was in Purva as
told by Vyas in Mahabharat.

Rahu takes 18.5992 years per rotation.  It was at  132 dgrs.  on  16th
Oct.  1979.   1979  +  5561 = 7540, divided by 18.5992 gives 405.39378
turns.  0.39378 turns means 141.7 dgrs.  Rahu always goes  in  reverse
direction.   We have to go in the past, so adding 141.7 to orginal 132
we get 273 dgrs.  This is Uttarashadha where Rahu  was  situated   (by
Nirayan method).

Calculations from 1989, 1962 and 1893 confirm Rahu in Uttara Ashadha.

Jupiter takes 11.863013 years per rotation.  On 16th October 1979,  it
was  at  129  dgrs.  1979+5561 = 7540.  7540 divided by 1.863013 gives
635.58892 turns. 0.58892 turn  means  212  dgrs.    So   Jupiter   was
212   dgrs behind  the  orginal  position. 129 - 212 = -83.  -83 means
360 - 83 = 277 degree 277 dgrs is the position of the star of Shravan.
So  Jupiter  was  in conjugation with Shravan.  The span of Shravan is
280 deg. to 293 deg.

Calculations from  1989, 1932 and 1977 show Jupiter in  285   and  281
degrees or in the zone of Shravan.  This confirms the position told by

Mars takes 1.88089 years per rotation.  On 16th October 1979, Mars was
at  108  dgrs.    1979  +   5561 = 7540 yrs.   7540 divided by 1.88089
gives 4008.7405 turns. 0.7405 turns means 266 dgrs., Mars was 266 dgrs
behind  the original position of 108 deg. 108 - 266 = 158. 360 - 158 =
202 deg.  This is just beyond the star of Vishakha  which  is  at  200
dgrs.   Though  in Vishakha-zone Mars has crossed the Star of Vishakha
and intends to go in Anuradha, so the description of Vyas as  "Anurad-
ham  Prarthayate"  that it requests or appeals Anuradha, appears to be

Calculations from 1962 and 1900 show Mars at 206  and'  208  dgrs  and
therefore  though  in Vishakha, it can be called as appealing Anuradha
"Anuradham Prarthayate". Thus it is seen that Vyas has used tricky but
correct  terms.  He has not written any false statement because he was
the Truth-abiding Sage.

Here an expert may raise a question whether I have  used  Heliocentric
method  or  Geocentric  method. I  make it clear here that I have used
the Heliocentric method that means I have considered the rotations  of
planets  around  the  Sun. But after fixing the position of the planet
around the Sun I have also seen where that planet will  be  seen  from
the earth.

I would like the scholars to consider one more point here.  When I say
that  an insect is sitting near one o' clock position on your watch or
clock, one may think that the insect is between 12 and 1  while  other
may  think that it is between 1 and 2. So the span to find that insect
is from  12 to 2.  Similarly Vyas has mentioned the Nakshatra in   the
vicinity  of the planet and therefore we have a scope of one Nakshatra
on either side to find out the planet.  Thus if our answer is  between
+13  deg.  and -13 deg.  from the given position we are successful. In
my calculations I have achieved the perfect positions, but by  chance,
somebody  gets a different position he is requested to consider a span
of -,+ 13 degrees. The positions given by other scholars are far  away
than the positions recorded by Vyas, so they are not acceptable.

I request the scholars, to be careful while doing calculations not  to
take  a  retrograde  position  of the present planet, because that may
give a false position. Please note that all the planets become  retro-
grade only apparently when our earth is approaching them.  We need not
consider their retrograde motion each year  because  their  rotational
periods  around the Sun are fixed and in that they are seen retrograde
from the earth apparently.  We have to see if the last position of the
planet  is  retrograde.   This  can  be done easily by considering the
position of the Sun and planet. Any external planet becomes retrograde
when it is in the house from 5th to 9th from the Sun.

Please note that i have taken 365.25 days for a solar year.  It covers
the  general  leap  years,  but it does not take into account the leap
years abandoned at centuries. At the interval of 400 years leap  years
are  taken according to the modern scientific calendar.  If these cen-
tury years are considered, there may be an error of 50  days  in  7500
years duration. As for dates these 50 days are automatically accounted
for because we have  taken  the  winter  solstice  as  fixed  on  22nd
December,   and  it  is  referred  by Vyas, while describing Bhishma's
death.  As far as the planets like Saturn, Rahu and Jupiter  are  con-
cerned  50 days are immaterial because in 50 days the Saturn will move
only 1.6 deg. while Jupiter 4.1 deg. as an average. Hence their  error
is negligible.

Now, we have seen that all  the four important planets  satisfy  their
positions  as  told by Vyas on  16th October 5562nd B.C. Hence we have
no other way but to accept this date as the exact date  of  Mahabharat

Please  note  that,  so  far,  not  a  single  Scholar  has  shown   a
date  with  the planetary positions satisfying the description by Vyas
in Mahabharat. Late Mr. C.  V.  Vaidya  and Prof.   Apte   show   3102
B.C., but their  Mars  is  in Ashadha, Jupiter is in Revati, Saturn in
Shatataraka and Rahu in Jeshtha.  Prof. K. Shrinivasraghavan, Mr. Sam-
pat  Ayangar  and  Sheshagiri  show 3067 B.C. but they put Jupiter and
Saturn in Rohini and Sun, Rahu, Mars in  Jeshtha.   Garga,  Varahmihir
and  Tarangini  show  2526 Before Shaka i.e. 2449 B.C.  But their Mars
comes in Dhanishtha, Jupiter and Saturn in Bharani and Rahu in  Hasta.
P.C.  Sengupta  gives  2448 with Saturn 356 deg., Jupiter 8 deg., Mars
157 deg., Venus 200 deg., Sun 200 deg.,  (Ancient  Indian  chronology"
Calcutta  University).  The  Western scholars as well as Romeshchandra
Datta and S.  B. Roy show  1424 B.C. but their  Saturn  is  in  Shata-
taraka,  Jupiter  in Chitra, Rahu in Purva and Sun in Anuradha with no
eclipse.  Billandi Ayer shows 1193 years B.C.  but his Mars  comes  in
Mula,   Jupiter  in Purva Bhadrapada, Saturn in Purva Ashadha and Rahu
in  Punarvasu. At 900 B.C. as is  proposed  by  many  other  scholars,
Jupiter  comes  in Mula, Rahu in Vishakha and Saturn in Jeshtha.  Thus
not a single scholar could coroborate his date with the facts  written
by  Vyas.Hence,  their  dates   have   to   be   dismissed.    (C.  V.
Vaidya's Upasamhar  page 94." Age  of Mahabharat War").

I have shown all the planetary positions correct to the description of
Mahabharat.  In  addition  I have shown that the seasons tally with my
date, and the seasons never tally with other dates. I have solved  all
the  planetary  riddles  from  Mahabharat which nobody could dare.  So
16th October 5562nd BC. is the exact date of the first  day   of   the
Mahabharat  War.  At   the   beginning   of  the  War,  Vyas  promised
Dhrutarashtra that he will write history  of  the  Kauravas;  so  most
probably Vyas must have written the Astronomical data immediately.

URANUS (known to Vyas in 5561 B.C) 
All the planets, viz., Sun, Moon, Mars,  Jupiter,  Venus,  Saturn  and
Rahu  show  correct  positions  mentioned  in  the  Mahabharat on 16th
December 5561 B.C. This must be the exact date of the Mahabharat  War.
After  pin-pointing  the  exact  date,  it struck to me that the three
additional planets mentioned with positions by Vyas,  may  be  Uranus,
Neptune  and  Pluto. Vyas has named them as Shveta, Shyama and Teevra.
Let us see if the conjecture is correct. We have to  prove  this  with
the help of Mathematics, because we have to go scientifically.

Vishesheena hi Vaarshneya Chitraam  Pidayate  Grahah....[10-Udyog.143]
Shevtograhastatha Chitraam Samitikryamya Tishthati....[12-Bheeshma.3]

In these two stanzas, Vyas states that some  greenish  white  (Shveta)
planet has crossed Chitra. This means that the planet was in Swati (or
Vishakha, because Chitra and Swati are close together).  This  is  the
Sayan  position  hence  Nirayan  position is eight Nakshatras ahead in
Shravan (or Dhanishtha). Neelakantha calls this "Mahapata" which means
having  greater orbit. Greater orbit indicates a planet beyond Saturn.
Hence I assumed Shveta to be Uranus. Let us calculate and see if  this

In October 1979, Uranus was at 206 degrees. Uranus takes  84.01  years
per rotation. 1979 + 5561 = 7540. 7540/84.01 = 89.75122 turns. 0.75122
rotation means 270.4392 degrees. 206-270 = -64  =  296  degrees.  This
comes  in the zone of Dhanishtha, but the star of Dhanishtha is at 297
degrees, so the position given by Vyas is confirmed. Hence Shveta must
be Uranus.

In October 1883, Uranus was at 151 degrees. 1883 + 5561 = 7444  years.
7444/84.01  =  86.608498  rotations.  0.608498 turn means 219 degrees.
151-219 = 292 degrees. This is Shravan Nakshatra.  So  Uranus  was  in
Shravan  during  Mahabharat  War  as  stated by Vyas under the name of

1930 calculations show Uranus to be at 292.54 degrees or Shravan. Thus
our  mathematics proves that Vyas has given correct position of Uranus
under the name of Shveta. This proves that Vyas had the  knowledge  of
Uranus  under the name of Shveta, supposed to have recently discovered
by Herschel in 1781. Shveta means greenish white. Uranus  is  actually
greenish  white in colour. So Vyas must have seen Uranus with this own
eyes. Uranus is of 6th magnitude and  is  visible  to  the  naked  eye
according to the modern science.

Neelakantha of 17th century  also  had  the  knowledge  of  Uranus  or
Shveta.   He  writes  in his commentary on Mahabharat (Udyog 143) that
Shveta, or Mahapata was a famous planet in the Astronomical science of
India.   Neelakantha  was  about  100  years before Herschel, who sup-
posedly discovered Uranus. So we can conclude that one hundred  before
Herschel,  Uranus  was  known  to  the Indian Astronomers and Vyas had
discovered it at or before 5561 year B.C.

                                               ..... to be continued.

Prasad Gokhale
University of New Brunswick,     f0g1@jupiter.sun.csd.unb.ca
Fredericton, N.B. CANADA.        f0g1@unbmvs1, f0g1@unb.ca

     "Truth can wait, it is used to it". - Anonymous. 

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