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Ayurveda, “Science of Life,” is the science of Indian medicine. Holistic system of medicine that uses natural herbs and plants to cure diseases.  A sacred Vedic science - Upa (Sub) Veda of Atharva Veda Maharishi Charaka was the first physician of the human race. Formulated the code of ethics for the physicians.

Covers :

  • Chikitsa (general medicine)
  • Salya (surgery)
  • Dehavritti (physiology)
  • Nidana (diagnosis)
  • Dravyavidya (medicine and pharmacology)
  • Agada Tantra (antidote method)
  • Stritantra (gynecology)
  • Pasu Vidya (veternary science)
  • Kaumara Bhritya (pediatrics)
  • Urdhvanga (diseases of the organs of the head)
  • Rasayana (tonics and rejuvenation)
  • Vajikarana (sexual rejuvenation)

Aims of Ayurveda :

Health is achieved by balancing energies (especially the doshas - bodily humors) at all level of being, subtle and gross, through inumerable methods, selected according to individual’s constitution, lifestyle and nature

Ayus (long life) and Arogya (diseaselessness), which facilitate progress towards ultimate spiritual goals

Hindu Contributions to Medicine

  • Shushruta : Sushruta Samhita 600 BC :   Shushruta performed plastic surgery Mentions over 120 surgical instruments Describes over 300 surgical procedures Classifies human surgery in 8 categories
  • Charaka : Charka Samhita, 500 BC (Handbook of the Physician): Anatomy of the human body with methods of diagnosis, and treatment. Listing of plant, mineral and animal substances required for the preparation of medicines
  • Jaluka Prayog : Agni Karma Vidhi   Describes method for purifying blood Use of heat and light rays as a treatment that eliminates the need for surgery
  • Chanakya : Arthashastra : describes post motrems
  • Bhoja Prabandha : describes brain surgery successfully performed in 927 AD

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