There has been some controversy concerning the estimated antiquity and the chronological datelines of historical events and personalities. Research continuing presently brings forth many inconsistencies and fallacies on the part of early indologists. New and modern evidence is supportive of the existence of a much older civilization in the present day Persia-Bharat region (the Saraswati-Sindhu valley). However, much research is required until definite evidences and arguments can be putforth until older notions about the antiquity and continuity of Indian history is de-established. The following articles present the above views in brief:
Historical Chronology: What is Established
Builders of Indian Civilization
Why Rewrite Indian History?
The Unified Theory of History and Archaeology
In general, the chronology of the history of Hindus can be shelved into four parts. In Ancient History the history beyond the Kali Age, which commenced approximately in 3000 B.C., namely, the Vedic period, the Ramayanic Age and the time during which the great Mahabharat War occured, are included.
The Medieval History started with the end of the Mahabharat War, starting with the reign of Emperor Parikshit. This period also witnessed the Indus Valley or the so-called Saraswati-Sindhu Civilization. This period also includes the age of Mahavira, Buddha and Aadi Shakaracharya. The Maurya and Gupta dynasties also flourished during this period. This era ended approximately i n 700 A.D., with the invasion of marauding Islamic warriors on the frontier of Gaandhar, or what is called Afganistan today.
In Modern History, history of about past 1500 years is included. The records of plundering and loot of Hindu riches, the killing and execution of hundreds and thousands of Hindu folk - a period of war, battles and distress are evidenced. The resurrection of many a Hindu king and commoner against the cruelties and maladministration of the established Moghal Kings took place in this Era.
The coming of the Britishers as traders and later, overpowering the existing Moghal and Hindu Lords and their rise to establishing political and governing prowess over the entire land can be recorded in the annals of modern history as well. The struggle f or political freedom, the history of innumerable martyrs that lay their lives for the sake of the country, the tragic severence of Hindu land into Pakistan and India and the events after gaining political independence rightly belong to today's age - an age of reawakening, revitalization and revival.