Sikhs and Hindus: A Common Heritage

Essay List

Divide and Conquer by Sumer Singh Chauhan
Enemies of Sikhism (Part 1 of 2) by Balwinder Singh
Enemies of Sikhism (Part 2 of 2) by Balwinder Singh
Divine Descendance of Sikh Gurus by Jaswinder Singh
Prophecies about Guru Nanak in Hindu Vedas by Bhai Kirpal Singh Gill

Political Aspects of the Hindu-Sikh Relationship (Part 1 of 5) by Sita Ram Goel and Ram Swarup
Hindu-Sikh Relationship (Part 2 of 5) by Goel and Swarup
Hindu-Sikh Relationship (Part 3 of 5) by Goel and Swarup
Hindu-Sikh Relationship (Part 4 of 5) by Goel and Swarup
Hindu-Sikh Relationship (Part 5 of 5) by Goel and Swarup

Ram in Sikh Thought by N. Tiwari
Guru Gobind Singh in Line of Shri Ram and Shri Krishna by V. Wadher
Adi Sri Guru Granth Sahib ki Mahima (Chapter: Ram) by Dr. K.P. Agrawal (translation by M. Shreenivas Somayaji)
Adi Sri Guru Granth Sahib ki Mahima (Chaper: 1)
Why Meat is Forbidden in Sikhism by Jaswinder Singh
Sikh Ithihas Mein Sri Ram Janmabhoomi by Rajendra Singh

This home page, with its essays above, will serve to inform people of how much Sikhs have in common with Hindus. The reader is cautioned to have a solid understanding of the Hindu religion. This would include being well-informed of the different schools of philosophy, the various Yogas, Vedanta, and the Bhagavad-Gita.

Several centuries ago, the Hindu religion had come under tremendous attack from outside sources. Hindu Dharma became stale, ancient philosophies were not taught to the common public, and the society became caste-ridden. The stage was set for the divine spirit of the Sikh Gurus. We will call the diluted philosophy of the time "Brahminism," and not Hinduism. This should avoid any confusion throughout the rest of this home page.


The word "guru" in Sanskrit means "remover of darkness." In Hindu Dharma, a guru is one who shows their disciples the spiritual path.

The Sikh Dharma was founded over 500 years ago by Guru Nanak Dev. Guru Nanak was a religious visionary of his time who preached reform. He saw the inadequacies in the two prevailing dogmas of the time, Brahminism and Islam, and saw a better path. He promoted equality amongst all, discarded excessive rituals and superstitions, and preached a simple monism.

Guru Nanak was followed by 9 other Gurus, or teachers, of the Sikhs. Sikh literally means "disciple." The compiled teachings of the Sikh Gurus are known as the Guru Granth Sahib. The Guru Granth Sahib also includes hymns composed by many Hindu saints and some Sufi saints of the era.

*The last Sikh Guru, Guru Gobind Singh, was the one who created the Khalsa. On the festival of Vaisakhi in 1699 at Anandpur Sahib, Guru Gobind Singh created the order of the Khalsa. Upon initiation into this new order, he baptized his Sikhs with the name of Singh (meaning "lion" in Hindi). A lion, after all, has no fear. And the nectar of immortality used in the initiation ritual (called amrit), erased the fear of death from the Khalsa of Guru Gobind Singh. He preached the practice that they should wear the "5 K's," which are 5 items that distinguish the Khalsa Sikh. They are: the kirpan (dagger), karda (iron bracelet), kesh (uncut hair), kaccha (undershorts), and kanga (comb).

Such was the respect for the Sikh Gurus that Hindus would make their eldest sons Sikhs. The eldest son was the defender of the country, the Dharma, and the family. The above articles deal with the subject matter of how the relationship between the parent Hindu community and the Sikh community has evolved over the centuries. Both share a love for God, respect for all religions, and a duty to uphold Dharma.

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