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Sharp, conically-shaped ploughshare: sag-kus'

See weapons, implements etc. made by fire-workers of Sarasvati-Sindhu


Gadd Seal 1

Seal impression and reverse of seal from Ur (U.7683; BM 120573); image of bison and cuneiform inscription; cf. Mitchell 1986: 280-1 no.7 and fig. 111; Parpola, 1994, p. 131: signs may be read as (1) sag(k) or ka, (2) ku or lu or ma, and (3) zi or ba (4)?. The commonest value: sag-ku-zi
Terracotta female, Gumla; Terracotta miniature plough; Jawaiwala, Bahawalpur (Weiner, 1984, Figs. 187 and 188)


Terracotta femaleadorned with 'dotted circles'; Period Namazga II; Yalangach Tepe, Geoksyur (Weiner, 1984, Fig. 183)

Decipherment of cuneiform in Gadd Seal 1 using lexemes from the substrate language:
Entries from the Indian Lexicon:
sag, zag a conical form; the teat; the dug of a beast (G.); sagan an iron nail fixed in the pole of a plough for fastening the yoke (G.)
kus' a ploughshare (Skt.), kos' an iron bar sharpened at one end, used as an instrument for digging (G.) kus a hand-held implement for turning up of clods--a pole with an iron blade or a head: also the iron member of this implement (M.)

The decipherment of the 'short-horned bull' will be presented elsewhere on this web. See also Part 3: Indian Hieroglyphic Dictionary (kat.a_ri = bull; kat.a_r = dagger)


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