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|Corpus of Inscriptions of Sarasvati-Sindhu Civilization|
The pictorials (field symbols) on hundreds of messages of the civilization are vivid and varied and occupy a major segment of the object containing the message.
Many signs of the inscriptions are also pictorial with distinct pictorial variants.
Bull (ibex, urus) with one curved horn and a standard
This pectoral exemplifies the basic method of depiction of messages on seals or tablets: a pictorial motif is generally combined with a sign or cluster of about five signs.
This pectoral shows a one-horned animal (bull/ibex/urus) and a device (standard) placed in front of the animal. This pectoral has just one inscription with one pictogram on the upper register: 'an overflowing vessel'.
The civilization has yielded a statistically small corpus of messages inscribed on seals, tablets, metal (bronze-copper) objects, pottery graffiti and one monumental sign which might have adorned a gateway in Kotda (Dholavira, Rann of Kutch).
Ten signs presented on a monolithic sign-board of Dholavira (Kotda) read as follows:
Dholavira (Kotda) on Kadir island, Kutch, Gujarat22; 10 signs inscription found near the western chamber of the northern gate of the citadel high mound (Bisht, 1991: 81, Pl. IX); each sign is 37 cm. high and 25 to 27 cm. wide and made of pieces of white crystalline rock; the signs were apparently inlaid in a wooden plank ca. 3 m. long; maybe, the plank was mounted on the facade of the gate to command the view of the entire cityscape.
These ten in-laid, large-sized signs on the board are read from left to right. The 'spoked circle' sign seems to be the divider of the three-part message.
Orthographic analyses of:
The one-horned ibex/urus
Some samples of inscriptions: (These and more are presented in a slideshow to view each object on larger resolution)
the Corpus of Inscriptions
(Slide Shows and Preliminary Inferences) : To start with, a method to cluster the inscriptions to facilitate decipherment is explained.